Global X: The next big investing themes explored

By Pedro Palandrani, Research Analyst, Global X blog

Life in the Metaverse

Facebook announced that it is all in on the metaverse, so much so that it’s changing its corporate name to Meta, of which all Facebook properties will fall under, including Messenger, WhatsApp, and Instagram. As a leader in the virtual reality (VR) connectivity space, with its formerly Oculus-branded VR worlds, Facebook intends to be the host site for a metaverse of creators and developers that bring new experiences to users. Microsoft’s version will see the company adapt its office products suite. Microsoft Team’s chat and conference is in testing and will be available H1 2022.1 Even dating is headed to the metaverse, starting with Tinder’s parent company Match Group. The company has a vision for “Single Town,” a world where users can interact through real-time audio and virtual meetups.2

Renewable Energy & Cleantech

At the COP26 Climate Change Summit,President Biden announced two new international commitments, one to curb methane emissions and one to end deforestation by 2030.3 Thus far, 105 countries have signed the Global Methane Pledge, which aims for a 30% reduction by 2030.4 Leaders of more than 100 countries vowed to end deforestation by 2030, which would encompass about 85% of the world’s forests.5 With financial support from other industrialized nations, the Biden administration said that it expects to provide $100 billion a year in aid to help developing countries fight and adapt to global warming.6 Biden said the U.S. would contribute $3 billion annually by 2024.7 On the net-zero end, 450 financial firms pledged $130 trillion in capital to finance the transition to net-zero emissions with commitments to shift 100% of their funds to net-zero emissions targets by 2050.8 Over 100 countries, regional governments, and auto manufacturers doubled down on their pledges to transition to 100% all-electric cars by 2040.9

Holidays Ring in Surplus Packages

Holiday e-commerce sales are projected to increase 14.4% this year, with online traffic comprising 18.4% of all spending through year-end.10 Apparel and accessories is expected to be the fastest-growing segment in the U.S. this holiday season with a 25.5% year-over-year (YoY) increase, followed by computer and consumer electronics at +12.5% and health and person care at +12.1% YoY.11 In anticipation of the rush, Amazon released plans to hire 150,000 seasonal employees. To further motivate prospective employees, Amazon is offering a $3,000 sign-on bonus and a $3/hour wage bump in certain locations.12 Global logistics giant UPS is shifting gears to focus on small and medium-sized businesses as they continue to show persistent growth in e-commerce package volume. The company reported positive results despite supply chain challenges.

OEMs Power Up Auto Electrification

Original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) continue to ramp up their commitments to electric vehicles (EV) in the U.S. Toyota has an U.S. electrified vehicles (including hybrid (HEV), plug-in hybrid (PHEV), fuel cell (FCEV) and battery electric vehicles (BEV)) sales volume of roughly 25%, which it intends to raise to about 70% by 2030.13 Stellantis aims for EVs and PHEVs to account for 40% of its U.S. sales volume.14 The BMW Group wants its EVs to comprise 50% of its U.S. sales volume by 2030.15 Battery technology is also a major focus. Toyota is investing $1.29 billion to build a battery plant with Toyota Tsusho by 2025.16Stellantis is partnering with LG Energy Solution for a plant with production capacity of 40 gWh.17 Tesla signed a three-year supply deal with China’s Ganfeng Lithium starting 2022.18And General Motors announced goals to reduce battery costs by 60%.19

Spending Reaches the Clouds

In Q3 2021, spending on cloud infrastructure services reached a new high of $50 billion as the digital economy continues to thrive.20 Spending was $2.4 billion higher than in Q2 2021 and $13 billion higher than in Q3 2020.21 The pandemic increased digitization by 59% at organizations,22 and companies continue to assimilate to an economy that includes hybrid and work-from-home set-ups. France is the latest country to announce a major cloud spending push. It has plans to invest $2.1 billion in the industry, with $770 million going to public financing, $513 million to European Union financing, and $785 million to private co-financing.23

Security Escalates to the Federal Level

The Biden administration issued a new mandate for federal agencies to patch cybersecurity vulnerabilities in government software. This new mandate covers about 200 known security flaws, making it one of the most widespread initiatives of its kind.24 Also, the House passed the Small Business Administration (SBA) Cyber Awareness Act, requiring small businesses to notify Congress of cybersecurity breaches. A second component includes the Small Business Development Center Cyber Training Act for cybersecurity counseling certification programs.

Report: Record Robots

The news was positive for robot growth in the International Federation of Robotics’ annual World Robotics Report. There are now 3 million operational industrial robots working in factories globally, up 10% from last year.25 By year-end, it’s estimated there will be 435,000 industrial robot installations, up from 384,000 last year. Asia remains the world’s largest robot market, led by China with 168,400 industrial units. Japan and the U.S. are the second and third-biggest markets at 38,7000 and 30,800, respectively. Currently, the electronic, automotive, and metal/machinery industries use industrial robot applications the most. The service robots market also reached a new high of $6.7 billion worldwide, up 12% YoY in 2020.

This post first appeared on November 17 on the GlobalX ETF blog.

Photo Credit: Jordi nll via Flickr Creative Commons


1. Bloomberg, “Microsoft’s Own Metaverse Is Coming, and It Will Have PowerPoint”, Nov. 2, 2021.

2. Match Group, “Letter to Shareholders Q3 2021”, Nov. 2, 2021.

3. New York Times, “What Happened on Day 2 of the COP26 Climate Change Summit”, Nov. 4, 2021.

4. Ibid.

5. Ibid.

6. Ibid.

7. Ibid.

8. Wall Street Journal, “‘Net Zero’ Will Make Wall Street Richer at Main Street’s Expense”, Nov. 11, 2021.

9. Electrek, “Countries and automakers agree to go all-electric by 2040 in weak new goal set at COP26”, Nov. 10, 2021.

10. eMarketer, “Holiday ecommerce sales will see double-digit growth, as shopping begins earlier in the season”, Oct. 22, 2021.

11. Ibid.

12. CNBC, “Amazon plans to hire 150,000 seasonal staff for the holidays”, Oct. 18, 2021.

13. Repair Driven News, “Toyota, Stellantis make increased commitments to U.S. EV initiatives”, Oct. 20, 2021.

14. Ibid.

15. CNBC, “BMW’s fully electric car sales on track to double this year, but still way short of Tesla”, Nov. 3, 2021.

16. Ibid(xiii).

17. Ibid(xiii).

18. Inside EVs, “Tesla Signs Three-Year Supply Deal With China’s Ganfeng Lithium”, Nov. 1, 2021.


20. ZDNet, “Cloud computing spending is at a record high. But the global chip shortage could create some problems ahead”, Nov. 3, 2021.

21. Ibid.

22. Ibid.

23. KFGO, “France plans 1.8 billion euro support for cloud computing industry”, Nov. 2, 2021.

24. The Wall Street Journal, “Biden Administration Orders Federal Agencies to Fix Hundreds of Cyber Flaws”, Nov. 3, 2021.

25. IFR, “IFR presents World Robotics 2021 reports”, Oct. 28, 2021.

Investing involves risk, including the possible loss of principal. There is no guarantee the strategies discussed will be successful. International investments may involve risk of capital loss from unfavorable fluctuation in currency values, from differences in generally accepted accounting principles or from economic or political instability in other nations. Emerging markets involve heightened risks related to the same factors as well as increased volatility and lower trading volume. Narrowly focused investments may be subject to higher volatility. The funds are non-diversified.

Information Technology companies can be affected by rapid product obsolescence, and intense industry competition. Risks include disruption in service caused by hardware or software failure; interruptions or delays in service by third-parties; security breaches involving certain private, sensitive, proprietary and confidential information managed and transmitted; and privacy concerns and laws, evolving Internet regulation and other foreign or domestic regulations that may limit or otherwise affect the operations. Healthcare, Genomics, Biotechnology and Medical Device companies can be affected by government regulations, expiring patents, rapid product obsolescence, and intense industry competition.

Investments in infrastructure-related companies have greater exposure to the potential adverse economic, regulatory, political and other changes affecting such entities. Investment in infrastructure-related companies are subject to various risks including governmental regulations, high interest costs associated with capital construction programs, costs associated with compliance and changes in environmental regulation, economic slowdown and excess capacity, competition from other providers of services and other factors.

Investments in blockchain companies may be subject to the following risks: the technology is new and many of its uses may be untested; theft, loss or destruction of key(s) to access the blockchain; intense competition and rapid product obsolescence; cybersecurity incidents; lack of liquid markets; slow adoption rates; lack of regulation; third party product defects or vulnerabilities; reliance on the Internet; and line of business risk. Blockchain technology may never develop optimized transactional processes that lead to realized economic returns for any company in which the Fund invests.

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